7 Important Anthropological Sites in Asia

The representation of life comes through art, and there is art in almost everything we see today, be it historical or contemporary. Asia’s art can be seen through the eyes of the people who created it, and the most artistically rich sites can be found in a lot of Asian places. The deep-rooted culture of Asia is imitated in the form of anthropological sites in the various parts of this continent. We can see that through the imitation of human nature in historical locations. Here’s a look at some of the most significant archaeological sites in Asia.

  1. The Ruins of Mohenjo-Daro, Pakistan


Photo by M.Imran, CC SA 1.0

There are a lot of unknown facts about the Indus Valley civilization that are still being discovered within the ruins of Mohenjo-daro in Sindh, Pakistan. The interpretations of the name of the city itself aren’t clear as yet, one of them believed to mean ‘Mound of the Dead Men’. The Indus Valley civilization is spread across a vast empire comprising of parts of Pakistan, northern and western India and probably even more unseen parts of the two bordering countries. This makes it the most interesting anthropological site in Asia.

  1. Angkor Thom, Cambodia


Photo by Robert Nyman, CC BY 2.0

The last capital city of the ancient Khemar empire, Angkor Thom was a stable city created by King Jayavarman VII in the 12th Century. Religious temples, monuments and castles of the royal family and successors represent the lifestyle and heritage of the present-day Cambodia. Archaeologists have delved deep into discovering the intriguing history of Cambodia by exploring the ruins of Angkor Thom, which stand as a proud example of the organized buildings of the bygone era.

  1. Ming Tombs, China


Photo by davidgordillo, CC BY-SA 2.0

Thirteen of the kings of Ming Dynasty in China were buried in a series of mausoleums located in the dynasty’s capital of Nanjing. The mausoleum, together, is known as the Thirteen Tombs of Ming Dynasty, which can now be found in the heart of Beijing. The Yongle Emperor of China had his own crypt built in the year 1420, after which the successive emperors also had their personal mausoleums subsequently created. The Ming Tombs are presently a World Heritage Site based structurally on the Feng Shui principles.

  1. The Temples of Hampi, India


Photo by Vinoth Chandar, CC BY 2.0

With the many archaeological and heritage sites in India, the temples and monuments of the ruins in Hampi are a great presentation of the vastness of Indian culture. The entire village of Hampi is occupied by temples built in 1500 AD. As per studies, the ruins of Hampi are the most searched historical place in the state of Karnataka. The village was a part of the Vijayanagara empire of India, comprising of over 500,000 residents. The ruins are still being explored by archaeologists as there’s always something new that emerges post every discovery.

  1. Kingdom of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka


Photo by Mal B, CC BY-ND 2.0

King Vijayabahu’s capital city of Polonnaruwa was conquered post the Chola invaders were defeated by the aforementioned ruler in Sri Lanka. It is the second-most ancient capital city in Sri Lanka, and King Vijayabahu was considered to be a victorious ruler who ushered in the ‘Golden Age of Polonnaruwa’. This represents a deeply ingrained heritage of Sri Lanka and the designated hero that was the king of Sri Lanka at the time.

  1. Human Fossils of Java, Indonesia

Declared as one of the most significant locations in the world to explore human fossils, the Sangiran Fossils in Indonesia’s Java region are taken widely into consideration by archaeologists worldwide. The museum of Sangiran displays the discoveries of the Fossil Man where the visitors can take a good look at how the evolution of man happened. As a constantly ventured into location, the Human Fossils at Java are quite the intriguing aspect of Indonesia.

  1. Gusuku Sites, Japan


Photo by SteFou! CC BY 2.0

Known more properly as Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu, this archaeologically significant location in Japan is known for the representation of the ancient Japanese Ryuku culture. With a sanctum sanctorum and a mausoleum built within the World Heritage Site of Gusuku, the construction of this site began in the 12th Century. With an intriguing history and various Ryuku rulers being in possession, the Gusuku Sites gained significance due to their different cultural approaches in the structure itself.

With these sites standing as important representations of the history of Asia, there is a lot to explore and understand in how and why they were built. The easiest way to look at the depth of them is to know in what ways the archaeologists worldwide have discovered them.

Author Bio:

Rohit is a passionate travel writer who records experiences on TransIndiaTravels.com from his various expeditions and excursions across the significant tourist sites of the world.

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